Farm & Ranch Heartland Express | November 10, 2016 - page 1

PRSRT STD
U.S. Postage Paid
Permit #36
OMAHA, NE
POSTAL CUSTOMER
November 10, 2016
Volume 20 Issue 16
Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska Reach Consensus on Republican
River Compact..................................................................................... 5
FFA Secton
McCook Farm & Ranch Expo
Republican River Compact
It’s the Pitts & House Plans................................................................. 3
Counties: Chase, Dundy, Frontier, Hayes, Hitchcock, Keith,
Lincoln, Perkins, & Red Willow .................................................10-13
Expo Information.............................................................................7-9
Grain/Livestock ................................................................................... 4
Heartland Cattleman .......................................................................... 2
Lighter Side & Country Living
Markets
Livestock News
Classifieds
Pages................................................................................... 14-15
MARKET GLANCE
Livestock and Products, Weekly Average
Year Ago 4 Wks Ago 10/28/16
Nebraska Slaughter Steers, 35-65% Choice, Live Weight.......138.14
100.21
104.04
Nebraska Feeder Steers, Med. & Large Frame, 550-600 lb....220.29
143.09
133.80
Nebraska Feeder Steers, Med. & Large Frame 750-800 lb.....200.83
141.27
138.71
Choice Boxed Beef, 600-750 lb. Carcass ...............................219.22
186.63
182.00
Western Corn Belt Base Hog Price Carcass, Negotiated ..........60.77
48.53
44.87
Pork Carcass Cutout, 185 lb. Carcass 51-52% Lean ...............81.94
75.24
72.64
Slaughter Lambs, wooled and shorn, 135-165 lb. National ....156.73
158.36
146.03
National Carcass Lamb Cutout FOB .......................................359.69
353.14
351.19
Crops, Daily Spot Prices
Year Ago 4 Wks Ago 10/28/16
Wheat, No. 1, H.W. Imperial, bu...............................................4.14
2.64
2.74
Corn, No. 2, Yellow Nebraska City, bu......................................3.52
N/A
NA
Soybeans, No. 1, Yellow Nebraska City, bu..............................8.26
N/A
NA
Grain Sorghum, No.2, Yellow Dorchester, cwt..........................5.93
4.66
4.82
Oats, No. 2, Heavy Minneapolis, Mn, bu...................................2.60
2.51
2.78
Feed
Alfalfa, Large Square Bales, Good to Premium,
RFV 160-185 Northeast Nebraska, ton .............................185.00
160.00
160.00
Alfalfa, Large Rounds, Good Platte Valley, ton.........................75.00
68.75
67.50
Grass Hay, Large Rounds, Good Nebraska, ton .......................77.50
70.00
67.50
Dried Distillers Grains, 10% Moisture Nebraska Average........112.50
112.50
108.00
Wet Distillers Grains, 65-70% Moisture Nebraska Average......49.50
40.50
41.75
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Pit Gases Pose a Danger in Beef Barns
By Daniel Andersen, Jay Harmon
Hydrogen sulfide gas is a serious issue both in and around
barns with liquid manure storage. The decomposition of
organic matter in manure results in the release of several
gases: ammonia, carbon dioxide, methane and hydrogen
sulfide among them. Most of the time these gases are
emitted at low levels, but any time manure is being agitated
or pumped, or the surface is disturbed, hydrogen sulfide can
be rapidly released.
Although all are potentially dangerous, hydrogen sulfide
tends to be the most concerning in these cases. Hydrogen
sulfide has an intense rotten egg smell, so it is relatively
easy to detect its presence, even in very low concentrations,
but people quickly suffer olfactory fatigue and lose the
ability to smell it. This makes it necessary to use analytical
instruments to detect dangerous levels.
Consider monitoring equipment for safety
Hydrogen sulfide monitors can be purchased to help
keep those working around manure safe. A monitor, which
is small enough to wear, ranges in cost from $99 to $800
and will alert you if the situation is dangerous. There are
numerous options available for monitoring hydrogen sulfide
levels when working with manure. Below are links to five
meters to consider. These meters typically have audible
alarms that will sound an alert as dangerous concentrations
develop.
• Honeywell GasAlertMax XT II
• BW Honeywell GasAlert Clip Extreme GA24XT-H
• BW Honeywell GasAlert Micro Clip XL 4-Gas Monitor
• Draeger Pac 3500 H2S Monitor
• RAE Systems ToxiRAE II
Neither endorsement of companies, individuals or their
services mentioned is intended, nor is criticism implied
of similar companies, individuals or their services not
mentioned.
Best tips for agitation
Hydrogen sulfide can spike quickly and without
warning during pit pumping. This can result in hazardous
concentrations for both the animals and the farm employees
around the facility. Aggressive agitation can contribute
to the risk of gas spikes when agitation first begins and
when the pit becomes nearly empty. The manure agitation
technique used can make a big difference in how much,
and how quickly, hydrogen sulfide is off-gassed from the
manure.
People should NEVER enter a building being pumped.
Use yellow caution tape to mark barn entrances to block
door or consider lockout tags during pumping. If possible,
remove animals before pumping. For barns with multiple
pits, move cattle out of the room with the pit being agitated.
Following are a few best practices regarding manure
application.
Agitation strategy
• Don’t agitate until the manure level is 1.5 to 2 feet
below the slats. Hydrogen sulfide is denser than air and as
a result will tend to pool on the manure surface; sufficient
separation is required to minimize hydrogen sulfide in the
animal breathing zone.
• Avoid aggressive agitation when animals are in the
building (no rooster tailing). Surface agitation causes more
turbulence and greatly increases the release of hydrogen
sulfide.
• Do not direct agitator nozzles toward pillars, walls or
toward a corner. Pillars and walls stop flow quickly and
cause the manure to churn, increasing the rate hydrogen
sulfide is off gassed from the manure. Corners are often
dead air zones; releases of hydrogen sulfide in this area are
more likely to result in animal loss
• Stop agitating when bottom nozzle is less than 6 inches
below the manure surface. Keep the agitation below the
surface at all times.
• Avoid sudden changes in agitator depth and intensity.
Quick changes can result in large amounts of solids that
haven’t previously been agitated and result in rapid gas
release. Slower changes in power, flow direction and depth
allow for a slower, more continuous release that is safer for
animals and workers.
Ventilation
• Ventilation should be maximized during agitation.
• Back-wall curtains should be completely opened to
allow maximum air flow.
• A cross wind (through the barn) of at least 7.5 mph
is recommended. Wind velocity must maintain this speed
and be directed through the barn. If the wind direction is
at an angle to the barn, 10 mph wind speeds or greater are
recommended.
• Watch for changing weather conditions, as many times
night air is more still than daytime air.
• Warming air can help disperse hydrogen sulfide; cooling
air causes it to settle and pool. As hydrogen sulfide is
heavier than air, this can create dangerous conditions.
• Consider using PTO driven fans to provide extra
ventilation. If conditions are calm, use large, PTO driven
fans to increase ventilation and air exchange.
• If present, turn on stir fans in the barn. This moves air
around and will decrease the chance of air “dead zones”
where inadequate ventilation exists.
Consider adding pump out curtains (tarps) around the
manure agitator to limit air exchange of hydrogen sulfide
gas near the applicator. This curtain blocks some of the pit
air from swirling back towards the pump operator.
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