Gateway 2018

FARMING ESSENTIALS Kearney: 2215 Ave. I • 308.237.9512 Grand Island: 3820 Arch Ave. • 308-382-6212 Lexington: 211 E. 6th St. • 308.324.6556 York: 218 E. 4th St. • 402-362-6818 MOTOROLA, MOTO, MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS and the Stylized M Logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Motorola Trademark Holdings, LLC and are used under license. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Motorola Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. ANDERSEN WRECKING COMPANY Need Parts? We’ll search our large inventory for just the right part. 1912 Avenue M • Kearney, NE (308) 237-3163 Bring Your Tools to our Self-Service lot 2 Miles South of I-80 on Hwy 44 $2 Admission • 308-236-7661 Monday–Friday: 8–6, Saturday: 8–4 AND FOR THE HANDS-ON TYPES Gateway Farm Expo strawberries. Staff continually are testing the stored seed and plant matter to make sure they still are alive. “As you go from one species of a plant to another, it requires a different set of technique,” Black- burn said. “And we are constantly refining our technique here.” Some seeds in the collection are nearly a century old — 90-year-old cotton seeds from the facility were recently grown as part of a research project. A famous 1940s experiment started in California now is housed at the facility. Test tubes containing those seeds are tested regularly and many have survived. All new seed patents in the U.S. — like the GMO varieties made by Monsanto — also are required to be stored in the vault. “We work for scientists of the future but also with scientists of the past,” said research leader Christina Walters, who has worked at the Fort Collins vault for three decades. The collection in Fort Collins serves as the basis of research for scientists around the world. A third of the requests for seeds come from outside of the U.S. Rare wild ancestor plant seeds are stored and offer crucial genetic clues to researchers. Some specific plants, like corn, have their entire evolution preserved in Fort Collins. As humans have domesticated seeds, they have gone from being small and dark to bigger and lighter. Seeds from the Fort Collins vaults specifically have helped scientists create wheat resistant to a harmful disease called Rus- sian Wheat Aphid, more efficient corn and better harvests of sun- flowers, corn and chickpeas. Scientists from Fort Collins often travel around the world to share insights and collect new items for the vault, preserving history and protecting the future of plants from around the world. SEED VAULT, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 16 UNDERWEAR CHALLENGE REVEALS CONSERVATION WORKS AMANDA AND ERIC Volsen talk about the extent to which pairs of cotton underwear decomposed over the summer in different fields Sept. 24 on their farm near Walters, Minn., during a field day in Easton, Minn. An underwear waistband on the top left is all that remained in the field where the Volsens have practiced no-till and cover crops for the past several years. In contrast, the briefs buried in a field that is conventionally tilled — in which the ground is plowed black after the fall harvest — and without cover crops remain almost com- pletely intact. While not a scientific test of soil health, farmers in Faribault County who tried the “underwear challenge” say they’re hap- py to see their conservation practices working. Associated Press